GATEWAYS / GENERAL COLLECTIONS OF LINKS TO ARCHIVES
- International Research Portal for Records Related to Nazi-Era Cultural Property
The international Research Portal is a multi-country collaborative project between national, research and archival institutions to provide public access to widely-dispersed records relating to Nazi-Era cultural property through an online Portal. The Portal enables families to research their losses; provenance researchers to locate important documentation; and historians to study newly accessible materials on the history of this period.
- Claims Conference - Looted Art & Jewish Cultural Property
The Claims Conference supports a collection of digital and archival databases on issues relevant to looted art, including organizations that helps individuals with looted art claims, looted art and cultural property resources and updates, looted art and cultural property research and claims conference grants related to these issues. The database Cultural Plunder of the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg: Art Objects at the Jeu de Paume was created by the Claims Conference based on archives from several countries. The Claims Conference/WJRO has published a Descriptive Catalogue of Looted Judaica (created 2009 and partially updated 2016).
- The Central Registry of Information on Looted Cultural Property 1933-1945
The Central Registry was created by the Commission for Looted Art in Europe, based in London. It hosts a searchable object database (with details of over 25,000 objects) and an Information Database that contains information and documentation from 49 countries, including laws and policies, reports and publications, archival records and resources, current cases and relevant websites. Finally, the Central Registry contains a list of key research sites and resources, a list of international resources and publishes a news service.
Literally translated as 'inheritance', Yerusha is an online hub of information regarding Jewish and Jewish-related archival materials in Europe. The Yerusha project, an initiative of the Rothschild Foundation (Hanadiv) Europe, is built upon archival collection descriptions, which will then be brought together into a single, searchable online platform hosted by the National Library of Israel. These descriptions are drawn from both archival survey projects focusing on European Jewish historical records, as well as from institutions with relevant collections.
- The European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI)
The EHRI Portal gives online access to dispersed sources related to the Holocaust from more than twenty organizations locate in thirteen countries, including research institutions, libraries, archives, museums and memorial sites. EHRI also offers individuals opportunities to join its human network through its online course in holocaust studies.
COMMERCIAL SEARCH DATABASE
National Genealogy Databases, for example:
- Die Genealogische Datenbank
The largest database of Austrian genealogical records.
EXAMPLES OF USEFUL DATABASES BY SUBSCRIPTION
- Fold3 (some free access, some by subscription)
- JSTOR (by subscription)
Access to journals, books, periodicals.
- International Foundation for Art Research (IFAR) (some free access, some by subscription)
Access to journals, guides and Catalogues Raisonnés
1. HISTORICAL RESEARCH DATABASES AND ARCHIVES
- National Archives and Records Administration Records Related to Nazi-Era Cultural Property
The records from the U.S. National Archives (NARA) include over 2.3 million pages of documents created or received by the U.S. Government during and after World War II as part of its investigations into cultural assets that were looted or otherwise lost during the war. All of the records have been described in NARA's online catalog. Many of the records have additionally been digitized and made available for free online by our partner Fold3.com (Holocaust Era Assets records). The records are primarily in English, although some seized records are in German or other languages. There are no privacy or other access restrictions on the records.
The images below direct the user to the National Archives online catalog, which provides both a description of each corresponding series of records and a URL in the online resource section for the digitized records on Fold3. The additional links that accompany each image direct the user to the microfilm/digital publication pamphlet as well as to the digitized records either on Fold3 or in NARA's online catalog.
- Central Collecting Points Records
- Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR) Records
- World War II War Crimes Records
- Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS) Records
- Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Records
- Roberts Commission Records
- U.S. Allied Commission for Austria (USACA) Records
- Safehaven Records
- Bundesarchiv (The Federal Archives of Germany)
The records of the German Bundesarchiv (Federal Archives) concerning seizure, disposal and restitution of Nazi-Era looted cultural property are in Record Groups NS 8 (Kanzlei Rosenberg), NS 30 (Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg), and B 323 (Treuhandverwaltung für Kulturgut bei der Oberfinanzdirektion München). The online finding aids for these relevant holdings are linked to this Portal. Many of the records are also available in digital format online. Links within the online finding aids are provided where appropriate. For the use of records that are not available digitally online, visitors should contact the Bundesarchiv prior to planning their visit.
- Landesarchiv Berlin (Berlin State Archive)
The WGA-Files online project on records of the Berlin restitution offices aims to provide information in the internet about files of restitution cases, in order to facilitate provenance research.
- List of national archives
Some national archives have specific tools for researching issues relevant to looted art:
- The National Archives of the United Kingdom
- France Diplomatie: Diplomatic Archive Center of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs
- Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine (TsDAVO)
2. ART HISTORY
- Getty Research Institute - Collecting and Provenance Research
- Getty Provenance Index Databases
The Getty Research Institute provides access to the following resources:
- German Sales Catalogs (1930-1945) covering bibliographic information on more than 2,000 German Sales Catalogs published between 1930 and 1945
- Collectors Files
- The Sales Catalogs Files covering countries such as Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Scandinavia from 1650 to 1945.
- Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg (Heidelberg University Library)
Auction catalogues published between 1901 and 1929 in Germany, Austria and Switzerland are identified and an index of all catalogues created, which will form the basis for further quantitative evaluation for digitization as well as for making them available online free of charge.
As a result of the project “German Sales 1930-1945. Art Works, Art Markets, and Cultural Policy”, already over 3.000 auction catalogues published between 1930 and 1945 in Germany, Switzerland and Austria have been indexed, digitized and made available online. New catalogs are added, for example the records of the auction house of Adolf Weinmüller are available online.
- Galerie Heinemann online
provides information regarding the art trade at Munich’s Galerie Heinemann between 1890 and 1939.
- International Foundation for Art Research (IFAR)
- WITT Library image collection about 2 million reproductions
- Frick Art Reference Library
- Fondazione Zeri online
- Marburger Index online
- RKD online
3. ART LOOTING AND RESTITUTION SPECIFIC
See also above at the General Databases, Historical Databases, National Archives, Art History
- Cultural Plunder of the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg: Art Objects at the Jeu de Paume
was created based on archives from several countries
- Looted Valuables: The Holocaust Asset Collection is part of Fold3 archival material relating to looted cultural property, and it is open to free access
- The German Historical Museum (Deutsches Historisches Museum, DHM) provides three Databases:
- Sonderauftrag Linz (Special Commission Linz) database
The Linz database is based on previously-known case histories of individual works of art; it brings together the information on the paintings and objects from the numerous file cards copied from the originals stored in the Bundesarchiv with the photographs copied from the BADV archive in Berlin. As a result, it does represent an instrument which can serve to identify works that still today are not recognized as forced sales. Used in association with other documents (auction catalogues, etc.), the catalogue data can also make it possible to identify other pieces among the Sonderauftrag’s works that must be regarded as confiscations. In addition, it allows art historians to view pictures that were returned to private owners in 1945 and that have not been displayed publicly since.
- Munich Central Collecting Point Database
Searchable even without the MCP identifying numbers, also images.
- Hermann Göring Database
Contains 4263 artworks: paintings, sculptures, furniture, tapestries and other craft items that Göring bought from the end of the 1920s until 1945 or took over from confiscated property.
- Sonderauftrag Linz (Special Commission Linz) database
- Entartete Kunst database
The degenerate art database has been published by the Freie Universität Berlin: Where applicable, private owners are indicated.
- Victoria and Albert Museum
The V&A holds the only known copy of a complete inventory of Entartete Kunst confiscated by the Nazi regime from public institutions in Germany, mostly during 1937 and 1938. In two volumes, the database consists of 16,000 artworks.
- Lost Art Internet Database
The Lost Art Database is maintained by the Koordinierungsstelle Magdeburg, Germany’s central office for the documentation of lost cultural property. It registers cultural objects, which as a result of persecution under the Nazi dictatorship and the Second World War were relocated, moved or seized, especially from Jewish owners. Under current plans, the database will be extended. The database is divided into two areas: 1) Search Requests and 2) Found-Object Reports.
- Descriptive Catalogue of Looted Judaica
Created by the Claims Conference, updates are expected
NATIONAL REGISTERS OF RESTITUTED ARTWORKS, LOST ARTWORKS, ARTWORKS WITH INCOMPLETE PROVENANCE
AUSTRIAThe Art Database of the National Fund of the Republic of Austria or http://artrestitution.at/
The Findbuch provides access to file holdings relating to National Socialist property seizure and restitution and compensation proceedings, which are held at Austria's State Archives and other cooperating archives:
Documents on National Socialism in Austria, expropriation, restitution and compensation
Materialien zum Nationalsozialismus
CZECH REPUBLICThe Czech Republic maintains a list of artworks identified as confiscated by the Nazis and held in public collections in the Czech Republic. The database lists of artworks that is eligible for restitution (if ownership is proven under the applicable Czech legislation) and also restituted items.
FRANCEThe French Ministry of Culture (Directorate of Museums) maintains a database of approximately 2,000 MNR artworks, stolen from French Jews by the Nazis that remain to date in the custody of French museums:
Site Rose-Valland, Musées nationaux Récupération
The French Ministry of Culture website above has a special section named after Rose Valland containing additional information on spoliation in France: Rose Valland - spoliation
GERMANYSee resources above
HUNGARYProject Heritage Revealed produced a Catalog of Art Objects from Hungarian Private Collections:
Sacco di Budapest
ISRAELHashava - The Company for Location and Restitution of Holocaust Victims' Assets
ITALYCarabinieri (Italian police) database of stolen art
The Rome Jewish Community is in the process of providing a list of stolen manuscript to the Carabinieri.
NETHERLANDSThe NK collection holds approx. 4,000 artworks, what remains in state possession of the artworks returned from Germany after World War II. The results of the research of the Origins Unknown Agency are posted at:
Herkomst gezocht and at Origins Unknown
POLANDThe Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland launched a website of Poland's wartime losses, entitled Internet catalogue of Polish wartime losses
RUSSIAN FEDERATIONThe Project Heritage Revealed offers:
- Catalogue of Manuscripts and Archival Materials of Juedisch-Theologisches Seminar in Breslau Held in Russian Depositories
- Catalogue of Art Objects from Hungarian Private Collections
- Manuscripts and Archival Documents of the Vienna Jewish Community held in Russian Collections
UNITED KINGDOMThe web site of the National Museum Directors' Conference provides information on provenance research and contact information for 22 national museums and galleries as well as for 24 non-national museums.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICAThe AAM (American Alliance - formerly Association - of Museums) established the Nazi-Era Provenance Internet Portal, a central registry of objects in U.S. museums that could have changed hands in Europe during the Nazi era, 1933-1945.
EXAMPLES OF MUSEUMS' DATABASES:
Last update: January 18, 2018